Novel mineral regulatory pathways in ovine pregnancy: I. phosphate, klotho signaling, and sodium-dependent phosphate transporters.
Appropriate mineralization of the fetal skeleton requires an excess of phosphate in the fetus compared to the mother. However, mechanisms for placental phosphate transport are poorly understood. This study aimed to identify phosphate regulatory pathways in ovine endometria and placentae throughout gestation. Suffolk ewes were bred with fertile rams upon visual detection of estrus (Day 0). On Days 9, 12, 17, 30, 70, 90, 110, and 125 of pregnancy (n = 3-14/Day), ewes were euthanized and hysterectomized. Phosphate abundance varied across gestational days in uterine flushings, allantoic fluid, and homogenized endometria and placentae (P < 0.05). The expression of mRNAs for sodium-dependent phosphate transporters (SLC20A1 and SLC20A2) and klotho signaling mediators (FGF7, FGF21, FGF23, FGFR1-4, KL, KLB, ADAM10, and ADAM17) were quantified by qPCR. Day 17 conceptus tissue expressed SLC20A1, SLC20A2, KLB, FGF7, FGF21, FGF23, FGFR1, and FGFR2 mRNAs. Both sodium-dependent phosphate transporters and klotho signaling mediators were expressed in endometria and placentae throughout gestation. Gestational day influenced the expression of SLC20A1, ADAM10, ADAM17, FGF21, FGFR1, and FGFR3 mRNAs in both endometria and placentae (P < 0.05). Gestational day influenced endometrial expression of FGF7 (P < 0.001), and placental expression of FGF23 (P < 0.05). Immunohistochemistry confirmed that both FGF23 and KL proteins were expressed in endometria and placentae throughout gestation. The observed spatiotemporal profile of KL-FGF signaling suggests a potential role in the establishment of pregnancy and regulation of fetal growth. This study provides a platform for further mechanistic investigation into the role for KL-FGF signaling in the regulation of phosphate transport at the ovine maternal-conceptus interface.
Publication Date: 2021-02-25
Journal: Biology of reproduction