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Query Topic: TGFB1

Query Date:

endothelial growth factor(16)

Growth factors in the regulation of reparative response in the presence of peritoneal damage.
To study the expression of growth factors in the regulation of tissue repair after peritoneal damage tissue response to peritoneal damage. Experimental study in 35 male Wistar rats determining the evolution over time of the tissue response to aseptic peritoneal damage. A standardized bowel and peritoneal lesions were created in the right lower quadrant by laparotomy. Then, tissular expression of growth factors was evaluated by multiplex polymerase chain reaction at seven timepoints between 6 h and 30 days, postoperatively. Tissular responses of granulocyte-stimulating factors (Csf2, Csf3), connective tissue growth factor (Ctgf), epidermal growth factors and receptor (Egf, Egfr), fibroblast growth factors (Fgf2, 7 and 10), heparin binding EGF-like growth factor (Hbegf), hepatocyte growth factor (Hgf), insulin-like growth factor-1 (Igf1), mitogenic transforming growth factors (Tgfa, Tgfb1, Tgfbr3), and vascular endothelial growth factor A (Vegfa) were biphasic with a first expression peak at day 3, followed by a more pronounced peak at day 14. We observed a long-lasting, widespread response of tissular growth factors for at least two weeks after peritoneal damage. To be clinically effective, the prophylaxis of postoperative adhesions might be needed for an extended period of time.
Publication Date: 2021-02-13
Journal: Pleura and peritoneum

95 confidence(15)

Genetic Predisposition to Cervical Cancer and the Association With XRCC1 and TGFB1 Polymorphisms.
Cervical carcinoma (CC), a multifactorial cancer, is assumed to have a host genetic predisposition component that modulates its susceptibility in various populations. We investigated the association between CC risk in Saudi women and 6 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in hypothesis-driven candidate genes. A total of 545 females were included, comprising 232 CC patients and 313 age-/sex-matched control subjects. Six SNPs (CDKN1A C31A, ATM G1853A, HDM2 T309G, TGFB1 T10C, XRCC1 G399A, and XRCC3 C241T) were genotyped by direct sequencing. Of the 6 SNPs studied, TGFB1 T10C (odds ratio, 0.74; 95% confidence interval, 0.57-0.94) and XRCC1 G399A (odds ratio, 1.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-1.90) displayed different frequencies in cancer patients and control subjects and showed statistically significant association in univariate (P = 0.017, P = 0.005, respectively) analysis. The Cochran-Armitage trend test had confirmed the results (P = 0.027 and P = 0.006, respectively), indicating an ordering in the effect of the risk alleles in CC patients. The 2 SNPs, TGFB1 T10C and XRCC1 G399A, showed also degrees of deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in cancer patients (P = 0.001 and P = 0.083, respectively) but not in the control subjects. Furthermore, correction for multiple testing using multivariate logistic regression to assess the joint effect of all SNPs has sustained significant statistical association (P = 0.025 and P = 0.009, respectively). TGFB1 T10C and XRCC1 G399A SNPs were associated with CC risk in univariate and multivariate analysis and displayed allele-dosage effects and coselection in cancer patients. Patients harboring the majority allele TGFB1 T10 (Leu) or the variant allele XRCC1 399A (Gln) have approximately 1.5-fold increased risk to develop CC. Host SNPs genotyping may provide relevant biomarkers for CC risk assessment in personalized preventive medicine.
Publication Date: 2017-09-15
Journal: International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society

confidence interval(12)

Whole-blood RNA transcript-based models can predict clinical response in two large independent clinical studies of patients with advanced melanoma treated with the checkpoint inhibitor, tremelimumab.
Tremelimumab is an antibody that blocks CTLA-4 and demonstrates clinical efficacy in a subset of advanced melanoma patients. An unmet clinical need exists for blood-based response-predictive gene signatures to facilitate clinically effective and cost-efficient use of such immunotherapeutic interventions. Peripheral blood samples were collected in PAXgene® tubes from 210 treatment-naïve melanoma patients receiving tremelimumab in a worldwide, multicenter phase III study (discovery dataset). A central panel of radiologists determined objective response using RECIST criteria. Gene expression for 169 mRNA transcripts was measured using quantitative PCR. A 15-gene pre-treatment response-predictive classifier model was identified. An independent population (N = 150) of refractory melanoma patients receiving tremelimumab after chemotherapy enrolled in a worldwide phase II study (validation dataset). The classifier model, using the same genes, coefficients and constants for objective response and one-year survival after treatment, was applied to the validation dataset. A 15-gene pre-treatment classifier model (containing ADAM17, CDK2, CDKN2A, DPP4, ERBB2, HLA-DRA, ICOS, ITGA4, LARGE, MYC, NAB2, NRAS, RHOC, TGFB1, and TIMP1) achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.86 (95% confidence interval 0.81 to 0.91, p < 0.0001) for objective response and 0.6 (95% confidence interval 0.54 to 0.67, p = 0.0066) for one-year survival in the discovery set. This model was validated in the validation set with AUCs of 0.62 (95% confidence interval 0.54 to 0.70 p = 0.0455) for objective response and 0.68 for one-year survival (95% confidence interval 0.59 to 0.75 p = 0.0002). To our knowledge, this is the largest blood-based biomarker study of a checkpoint inhibitor, tremelimumab, which demonstrates a validated pre-treatment mRNA classifier model that predicts clinical response. The data suggest that the model captures a biological signature representative of genes needed for a robust anti-cancer immune response. It also identifies non-responders to tremelimumab at baseline prior to treatment.
Publication Date: 2017-08-16
Journal: Journal for immunotherapy of cancer

factor-beta1 tgfb1(11)

Fibroblast growth factor-2 and transforming growth factor-beta1 oppositely regulate miR-221 that targets thrombospondin-1 in bovine luteal endothelial cells.
Thrombospondin-1 (THBS1) affects corpus luteum (CL) regression. Highly induced during luteolysis, it acts as a natural anti-angiogenic, proapoptotic compound. THBS1 expression is regulated in bovine luteal endothelial cells (LECs) by fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFB1) acting in an opposite manner. Here we sought to identify specific microRNAs (miRNAs) targeting THBS1 and investigate their possible involvement in FGF2 and TGFB1-mediated THBS1 expression. Several miRNAs predicted to target THBS1 mRNA (miR-1, miR-18a, miR-144, miR-194, and miR-221) were experimentally tested. Of these, miR-221 was shown to efficiently target THBS1 expression and function in LECs. We found that this miRNA is highly expressed in luteal cells and in mid-cycle CL. Consistent with the inhibition of THBS1 function, miR-221 also reduced Serpin Family E Member 1 [SERPINE1] in LECs and promoted angiogenic characteristics of LECs. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), the gene product of SERPINE1, inhibited cell adhesion, suggesting that PAI-1, like THBS1, has anti-angiogenic properties. Importantly, FGF2, which negatively regulates THBS1, elevates miR-221. Conversely, TGFB1 that stimulates THBS1, significantly reduces miR-221. Furthermore, FGF2 enhances the suppression of THBS1 caused by miR-221 mimic, and prevents the increase in THBS1 induced by miR-221 inhibitor. In contrast, TGFB1 reverses the inhibitory effect of miR-221 mimic on THBS1, and enhances the upregulation of THBS1 induced by miR-221 inhibitor. These data support the contention that FGF2 and TGFB1 modulate THBS1 via miR-221. These in vitro data propose that dynamic regulation of miR-221 throughout the cycle, affecting THBS1 and SERPINE1, can modulate vascular function in the CL.
Publication Date: 2017-12-12
Journal: Biology of reproduction

egf egfr(2)

Molecular mechanisms underlying endometriosis pathogenesis revealed by bioinformatics analysis of microarray data.
To identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in endometriosis and further analyze molecular mechanisms implicated in disease pathogenesis. Gene expression data (ID: GSE7846) of human endometrial endothelial cells (HEECs) collected from eutopic endometria tissue of patients with and without endometriosis were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. DEGs were screened using Limma package, followed by enrichment analysis using clusterProfiler package in R. Thereafter, protein-protein interactions (PPIs) were analyzed using STRING (Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes) database and visualized by Cytoscape software. Meanwhile, transcription factors were screened from the DEGs based on TRANSFA database, followed by construction of regulatory network using Cytoscape. A total of 2255 up- and 408 down-regulated genes were identified in endometriosis patients as compared with control patients. Those DEGs were predominantly enriched in focal adhesion (e.g., FN1, EGF, FYN, EGFR, RAC1, CCND1 and JUN), regulation of actin cytoskeleton (e.g., FN1, EGF, EGFR, RAC1 and JUN) and MAPK signaling pathway (e.g., EGF, EGFR, RAC1, JUN, TGFB1 and MYC). Importantly, EGF, EGFR, JUN, FN1, RAC1, TGFB1, CCND1 and FYN were hub nodes in the PPI network. Additionally, TGFB1, SMAD1 and SMAD4 showed up-regulation in TGFB signaling pathway. Transcription factor MYC had a regulatory effect on the most DEGs, including TGFB1, RAC1 and CCND1. Focal adhesion, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, MAPK and TGFB/SMAD signaling pathway may be important molecular mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of endometriosis.
Publication Date: 2015-09-12
Journal: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics


Genetic Variants Associated with Chronic Kidney Disease in a Spanish Population.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have many affected physiological pathways. Variations in the genes regulating these pathways might affect the incidence and predisposition to this disease. A total of 722 Spanish adults, including 548 patients and 174 controls, were genotyped to better understand the effects of genetic risk loci on the susceptibility to CKD. We analyzed 38 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes associated with the inflammatory response (interleukins IL-1A, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, ICAM-1), fibrogenesis (TGFB1), homocysteine synthesis (MTHFR), DNA repair (OGG1, MUTYH, XRCC1, ERCC2, ERCC4), renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (CYP11B2, AGT), phase-II metabolism (GSTP1, GSTO1, GSTO2), antioxidant capacity (SOD1, SOD2, CAT, GPX1, GPX3, GPX4), and some other genes previously reported to be associated with CKD (GLO1, SLC7A9, SHROOM3, UMOD, VEGFA, MGP, KL). The results showed associations of GPX1, GSTO1, GSTO2, UMOD, and MGP with CKD. Additionally, associations with CKD related pathologies, such as hypertension (GPX4, CYP11B2, ERCC4), cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer predisposition (ERCC2) were also observed. Different genes showed association with biochemical parameters characteristic for CKD, such as creatinine (GPX1, GSTO1, GSTO2, KL, MGP), glomerular filtration rate (GPX1, GSTO1, KL, ICAM-1, MGP), hemoglobin (ERCC2, SHROOM3), resistance index erythropoietin (SOD2, VEGFA, MTHFR, KL), albumin (SOD1, GSTO2, ERCC2, SOD2), phosphorus (IL-4, ERCC4 SOD1, GPX4, GPX1), parathyroid hormone (IL-1A, IL-6, SHROOM3, UMOD, ICAM-1), C-reactive protein (SOD2, TGFB1,GSTP1, XRCC1), and ferritin (SOD2, GSTP1, SLC7A9, GPX4). To our knowledge, this is the second comprehensive study carried out in Spanish patients linking genetic polymorphisms and CKD.
Publication Date: 2020-01-12
Journal: Scientific reports