pubmed > TP53 > pten > 10 3

Prevalence of pathogenic variants in actionable genes in advanced ovarian cancer: a next-generation sequencing analysis of a nationwide registry study.
We examined the actionable genomic alterations in ovarian cancer by analysing the nationwide registry of next-generation sequencing (NGS) data. From March 2017 to December 2018, 16,458 patients with cancer underwent NGS testing under the interim coverage programme for NGS provided by the National Health Insurance of Korea. Among these patients, 779 patients had advanced ovarian cancer. Fifty-eight mutations were reported as pathogenic variants, which included likely pathogenic variants, and 55 theoretically actionable genes were analysed. The prevalence of pathogenic mutations in the population was 81.5%, whereas 11.6% of the population had neither a pathogenic mutation nor a variant of unknown significance. Common pathogenic mutations shared by at least 3% of the study population were mutations in TP53 (61.5%), BRCA1 (12.2%), PIK3CA (10.4%), KRAS (10.3%), BRCA2 (9.6%) and PTEN (3.7%). BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutations were found in 14.0% (42 of 300, 95% confidence interval = 10-18%) of the patients with TP53 wild-type tumours, comprising approximately one-quarter (25.9%) of the total observed BRCA1/2 pathogen mutations. At least one pathogenic mutation in a theoretically actionable gene was found in 49.2% of patients. Among patients without a BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutation, mutations were frequently observed in KRAS (12.2%), PIK3CA (10.4%) and PTEN (4.2%). PTCH1 mutations were correlated with ATM, NF1, ERBB2 and MTOR mutations (adjusted p = 0.0054, p = 0.0035, p = 0.0010 and p = 0.0003, respectively). Almost half of patients with ovarian cancer could be estimated as theoretical candidates for genomic medicine. Substantial BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutations were observed in patients not harbouring a TP53 mutation.
Publication Date: 2020-11-10
Journal: European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)

Using next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform to diagnose pathogenic germline BRCA1/2 mutations from archival tumor specimens.
Clinical genetic testing to diagnose germline mutations often requires blood sample or saliva smear from a cancer-affected individual. This rules out testing in families when cancer-affected individuals are deceased. We explored the use of a next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform to diagnose germline pathogenic mutations from tumors. Archival tumors (ovarian = 26, breast = 25, others = 9) were retrieved from 60 cancer patients who have undergone multi-gene panel blood testing. Genomic DNA was extracted and sequenced for BRCA1/2 using a NGS platform. 41/60 specimens were sequenced for 5 other genes (APC, ATM, PALB2, PTEN, TP53). Tumor testing and results interpretation were performed blinded to the blood test result. All 38 patients with no BRCA1/2 mutations on blood testing were correctly tested negative on tumor. Tumor testing correctly diagnosed BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutations in 15/22 (68%) patients while in 7/22 (32%) patients, the mutation was either detected but incorrectly classified as VUS (n = 3) or not detected at all (n = 4). Overall concordance rate for tumor and blood testing for BRCA1/2 mutations was 88%, with 0% false positive and 32% false negative rate for pathogenic mutations. Tumor testing correctly diagnosed 1/2 pathogenic germline ATM mutation, 1/1 pathogenic germline PALB2 mutation and 2/2 pathogenic germline TP53 mutations. False positive germline mutations were diagnosed in 4 genes at a rate of 2.4%-10.3% (APC = 2.4%, PALB2 = 2.4%, PTEN = 4.9%, TP53 = 10.3%). Tumor testing for BRCA1/2 germline mutations using an NGS platform is fairly reliable with no false positive findings, and correctly diagnosed more than two-thirds of pathogenic germline BRCA1/2 mutations. However, it is not reliable to diagnose pathogenic germline mutations in genes frequently mutated in sporadic cancers, such as PTEN and TP53.
Publication Date: 2019-09-05
Journal: Gynecologic oncology