pubmed > TP53 > rb1 > 19 7

Genetic alterations and their association with clinicopathologic characteristics in advanced breast carcinomas: focusing on clinically actionable genetic alterations.
Breast carcinomas (BCs) are genetically heterogeneous and associated with numerous mutations which can be used to predict outcomes and initiate targeted therapies. We investigated clinicopathologic characteristics associated with gene mutations detected using the FoundationOne CDx assay in a cohort of 223 clinically advanced BCs (66 locally recurrent and 157 metastatic) from our institution. One hundred fifty unique mutations were identified (total 1008) in the cohort, with the most prevalent (>10%) including TP53 (53.8%), PIK3CA (35%), MYC (22%), CCND1 (19.7%), FGF19 (19.7%), FGF4 (16.6%), FGF3 (16.1%), ZNF703 (14.8%), ESR1 (13.9%), FGFR1 (13.5%), PTEN (12.1%), and CDH1 (10.8%). ERBB2 genetic alteration was most common in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive BCs, and GATA3 and ESR1 mutations were only identified in hormone receptor-positive BC. Mutations enriched in triple-negative BCs (TNBCs) included TP53, PTEN, RB1, and CDKN2A/B. CDH1 mutation was predominantly found in lobular carcinomas, and PIK3CA mutation was also enriched. Mutations enriched in metaplastic carcinomas with heterologous mesenchymal differentiation included TP53, PTEN, MCL1, CDKN2A/B, and NOTCH2. An increase in mutations of CCND1, FGF19, FGF4, FGF3, ESR1, and EMSY was identified in metastatic BCs compared with locally recurrent BCs. Overall, PIK3CA was the most frequent clinically actionable genetic alteration (35%), followed by MYC (22%), CCND1 (19.7%), and FGF3/FGF4/FGFR1 (16%). In conclusion, our study provides genetic insight into the biology of advanced BCs and summarizes their most frequent clinically actionable genetic alterations, generating useful genomic information for potential improvement of patient management.
Publication Date: 2020-05-24
Journal: Human pathology