Influence of Estrogen Receptor Alpha Polymorphism on Bone Mineral Density in Iranian Children.
Bone mass acquisition in childhood is directly linked to adult bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk. BMD is a heritable trait, more than 70% of its variability among a population is affected by genetic factors.
In the present study, we wanted to investigate the association between estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) polymorphisms, PvuII (rs2234693) and XbaI (rs9340799), and bone area, bone mineral content (BMC), and BMD of the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and also of the total body less the head in Iranian children.
The ESR1 gene PvuII and XbaI genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Bone area, BMC, BMD, and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Linear regression was carried out to examine the effects of the ESR1 (PvuII and XbaI) polymorphisms on DEXA outputs when adjusted for confounding factors (i.e., age, sex, BMI, and pubertal stage) in 3 models.
ESR1 (PvuII) gene polymorphisms (CT vs. CC) showed significant effects on the BMC of the total body less the head in all 3 models. For ESR1 (XbaI), individuals with the AG genotype had higher lumbar spine BMD and lumbar spine BMAD compared to other genotypes.
It seems that the PvuII and XbaI polymorphisms of ESR1 could be associated with BMC and BMD variation in Iranian children and adolescents.
Publication Date: 2019-10-28
Journal: Human heredity
Estrogen Receptor Gene (ESR1) PVUII and XBAI Polymorphisms and Bone Mineral Density in Kazakh Women.
Osteoporosis is a common age-related disease that is strongly influenced by genetics. Polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor gene alpha (ESR1) are consistently been associated with bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture.The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate potential association of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variants of the ESR1 gene and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine in Kazakh women.
140 female participants in Pavlodar clinics with varying measures of BMD. We are examined the potential association of BMD with 2 SNPs from the ESR1 gene (rs2234693 [PvuII] and rs9340799 [XbaI]). Genotyping of the PvuII and XbaI polymorphisms was performed by direct sequencing of the gene fragments containing restriction sites with the identification of genotypes PP, Pp, pp and XX, Xx, xx respectively.
Unadjusted mean BMD values ranged from 1.14±0.14 g/cm
The PvuII polymorphism had a weak association with lumbar spine BMD. XbaI polymorphism was unlikely to be a predictor of lumbar spine BMD in Kazakh women. These conclusions could help to determine the genetic risk factors for osteoporosis; however, further studies on the association between gene polymorphisms and BMD are needed including larger numbers of participants and genes to clarify genetic risks.
Publication Date: 2014-01-24
Journal: Central Asian journal of global health