Association between the estrogen receptor α gene polymorphisms rs2234693 and rs9340799 and severe and mild pre-eclampsia: a meta-analysis.
This meta-analysis was performed in order to determine the associations between the estrogen receptor α (ESR1) gene PvuII site (-397T/C, rs2234693) and XbaI site (-351A/G, rs9340799) polymorphisms with severe and mild pre-eclampsia. Eligible studies were identified by searching PubMed, Medline, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and WanFang databases until May 2018. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to calculate the associations. Six articles (consisting of seven studies; one article was considered as two separate studies with two different subpopulations) investigated the ESR1 gene PvuII -397T/C and XbaI -351A/G polymorphisms in severe and mild pre-eclampsia patients and included controls. The pooled results indicated an increased risk of severe pre-eclampsia for the XbaI -351A/G polymorphism (OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.10-2.25,
Publication Date: 2019-01-12
Journal: Bioscience reports
Association of Estrogen Receptor 1 Genetic Polymorphisms with Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion Risk.
Estrogen is one of the most important reproductive steroidal hormones and plays a critical role in the maintenance of pregnancy, and its function is mediated by estrogen receptor 1(ESR1). The polymorphisms of ESR1 were involved in recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA); however, the association between ESR1 polymorphisms and RSA remains controversial. The present meta-analysis was aimed to clarify the association between ESR1 PvuII (-397C/T, rs2234693) and XbaI (-351A/G, rs9340799) polymorphisms and the risk of RSA.
All the included articles were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Med Online Database up to January 3, 2018. Data were processed in the Stata 12.0 software. The odds ratios (OR s) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI s) were calculated using fixed-effects models (FEM)/random-effects models (REM).
Seven case-control studies with 836 cases and 1164 controls were included in the study. Generally, the ESR1 polymorphisms were not associated with RSA in any of the genetic analysis models. However, it was found that as rs9340799 polymorphism was related to increased risk of RSA in non-Asian group in the homozygous genetic model (OR = 2.40, 95% CI = 1.05-5.50, P = 0.039). Moreover, in Asian group, rs9340799 polymorphism was found to be related to decreased RSA risk in both the heterozygous model (OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.33-0.85, P = 0.009) and the dominant genetic model (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.30-0.98, P = 0.042).
Generally, there was no significant association between the polymorphisms of ESR1 and the risk of RSA. However, subgroup analysis indicated that ESR1 rs9340799 polymorphism was related to increased RSA risk in the non-Asian group while associated with decreased RSA risk in Asian group.
Publication Date: 2018-07-31
Journal: Chinese medical journal
Meta-analysis of associations of IL1 receptor antagonist and estrogen receptor gene polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus susceptibility.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that affects a number of different organs and tissues. Interleukin-1 (IL1) and estrogen are considered potential elements in the pathology of SLE. Recently, the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism in the IL1 receptor antagonist gene (IL1-RN) and PvuII (rs2234693) and XbaI (rs9340799) polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor 1 gene (ESR1) have been associated with a predisposition to SLE. However, the evidence for these associations is inconclusive. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis to validate the roles of these polymorphisms in SLE susceptibility. We searched four databases and identified a total of 17 eligible articles comprising 24 studies. The Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale was used to assess the qualities of the selected studies. We assessed the strengths of the associations using odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Regarding the IL-1RN VNTR, the 2 allele significantly increased SLE susceptibility (2 vs. L: OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.03-1.73, P = 0.03). The ESR1 PvuII CC/CT genotype was also associated with SLE susceptibility (CC/CT vs. TT: OR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.06-1.47, P = 0.01), and the difference was especially pronounced among Asians (CC/CT vs. TT: OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.04-1.69, P = 0.02). No significant association between the ESR1 XbaI polymorphism and SLE susceptibility was observed in the overall analysis. However, a marginally significant association between the GG/GA genotype was found in individuals of Asian descent (GG/GA vs. AA: OR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.01-1.67, P = 0.04). These results indicate that the IL1-RN VNTR 2 allele, ESR1 PvuII CC/CT genotype and ESR1 XbaI GG/GA genotype may increase SLE susceptibility, especially in Asian individuals.
Publication Date: 2014-10-07
Journal: PloS one
Association of estrogen receptor alpha gene polymorphisms with autonomic modulation of heart rate in users and nonusers of oral contraceptives.
This study examined the association between estrogen receptor α gene (ESR1) polymorphisms and blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and autonomic modulation of HR in a sample population.
Two hundred thirty-two young healthy women were selected, and those using oral contraceptives (OC) were compared with nonusers (control group). Short-term HR variability (HRV) was evaluated in both the supine and sitting positions using temporal indices rMSSD [square root of the mean squared differences of successive R-R intervals (RRi) divided by the number of RRi minus one], SDNN (root mean square of differences from mean RRi, divided by the number of RRi) and frequency domain methods. Power spectral components were reported at low frequency (LF) and high frequency (HF) and as LF/HF ratio. ESR1 c.454-397T>C (rs2234693) and c.454-351A>G (rs9340799) polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction and fragment restriction analysis.
The ESR1 T>C and A>G polymorphisms had no effect on HR, rMSSD, SDNN, LF, HF or LF/HF ratio (supine or sitting), independently of OC use. The ESR1 T-A, T-G, C-A and C-G haplotypes were not associated with HR, BP or HRV.
ESR1 variants had no effect on the autonomic modulation of HR in young women users and nonusers of OC and may not be implicated in cardiovascular risk in young women.
Publication Date: 2012-12-19