The cell cycle regulatory gene polymorphisms TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) in lung cancer: a meta-analysis.
Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the world. Although the mechanism of lung cancer is still unknown, a large number of studies have found a link between gene polymorphisms and the risk of lung cancer. The tumor suppressor p53 plays a crucial role in maintaining genomic stability and tumor prevention. MDM2 is a critical regulator of the p53 protein. Despite the importance of p53 pathway in cancer, data on the contribution of SNPs of TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) to the development of lung cancer are very contradictory. A metaanalysis that collects quantitative data from individual studies and combines their results has the advantage of improving accuracy, providing reliable estimates, and resolving those issues in which studies on individual associations are not effective enough. The aim of this study was to determine whether the TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) polymorphisms confer susceptibility to lung cancer. A meta-analysis was conducted on the associations between the TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) polymorphisms and lung cancer. A total of 51 comparison studies including 25,366 patients and 25,239 controls were considered in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed no association between lung cancer and MDM2 (rs2279744) under any model. A noteworthy association of TP53 (rs1042522) with susceptibility to lung cancer in overall pooled subjects was observed under three different models (allele contrast, homozygote contrast (additive) and dominant). Stratification by ethnicity indicated an association between the TP53 (rs1042522) and lung cancer in Asians and Caucasians. This meta-analysis demonstrates that the TP53 (rs1042522), but not MDM2 (rs2279744) polymorphism may confer susceptibility to lung cancer.
Рак легкого – один из наиболее распространенных видов рака в мире. Хотя механизм возникнове- ния заболевания по-прежнему остается в значительной степени неизвестным, благодаря многочисленным ис- следованиям была выявлена связь между полиморфизмами генов и риском развития рака легкого. Решающую роль в поддержании стабильности генома и профилактике опухолей играет онкосупрессор р53. Ключевым регулятором белка р53 является MDM2. Несмотря на важность p53 сигнального пути в канцерогенезе, данные о вкладе SNP TP53 (rs1042522) и MDM2 (rs2279744) в развитие рака легкого очень противоречивы. Метаанализ, собирающий количественные данные из отдельных исследований и объединяющий их результаты, имеет пре- имущество, которое заключается в повышении точности, предоставлении надежных оценок и решении тех вопросов, когда исследование отдельных ассоциаций недостаточно эффективно. Целью нашей работы было изучение роли полиморфизмов ТP53 (rs1042522) и MDM2 (rs2279744) в формировании предрасположенности к раку легкого. Проведен метаанализ ассоциации полиморфизмов TP53 (rs1042522) и MDM2 (rs2279744) и рака легкого. В общей сложности рассмотрено 51 исследование типа «случай–контроль», включающее 25 366 паци- ентов с раком легкого и 25 239 здоровых индивидуумов. Результаты метаанализа показали отсутствие связи между раком легкого и MDM2 (rs2279744) во всех моделях. Примечательно, что ассоциация TP53 (rs1042522) с предрасположенностью к раку легкого наблюдалась в трех разных моделях (мультипликативная, аддитивная и доминантная). Стратификация по этническому признаку также указывает на связь между TP53 (rs1042522) и риском развития рака легкого как в азиатской, так и в европейской популяции. Проведенный метаанализ по- зволяет сделать вывод, что полиморфизм ТР53 (rs1042522), но не MDM2 (rs2279744), может обусловливать пред- расположенность к раку легкого.
Publication Date: 2021-05-08
Journal: Vavilovskii zhurnal genetiki i selektsii
Genetic polymorphisms of TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) and colorectal cancer risk: An updated meta-analysis based on 59 case-control studies.
Several earlier reports implicated TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) variants in outcome of colorectal cancer (CRC), but with inconclusive findings. This current meta-analysis designed to uncover the role of these variants in CRC risk.
Two independent investigators extracted 59 eligible case-control studies from different electronic databases involving Scopus, Web of Science and PubMed prior to June 2019. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and "95% confidence intervals (CIs)" were computed for different hereditary models. Stratification and heterogeneity analyses, and "Begg's funnel plots" were conducted. In silico data analyses of the functional and structural properties of the study variants were applied.
In general, 47 and 16 case-control reports for TP53 (11,589 patients and 13,622 controls) and MDM2 (6841 CRC patients and 8792 healthy controls), respectively were enrolled in this meta-analysis. A significant association of TP53 (rs1042522) variant with increased CRC risk in overall pooled subjects under recessive model [(CC vs. GC + GG, OR = 1.134, 95% CI = 1.006-1.278, P = 0.039)] was observed. Moreover, an evidence of MDM2 (rs2279744) association with increased CRC risk in overall pooled subjects under dominant and heterozygote models [(TG + GG vs. TT, OR = 1.120, 95% CI = 1.003-1.250, P = 0.044) and (TG vs. TT, OR = 1.189, 95% CI = 1.076-1.313, P = 0.001), respectively] was reported. Additionally, TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) showed an association with CRC risk among Asians and Africans under a recessive model, and among Asians under different genetic models, respectively, by stratification analysis.
TP53 (rs1042522) and MDM2 (rs2279744) variants might represent candidate risk factors for CRC susceptibility.
Publication Date: 2020-02-01
The effect of TP53 and P21 gene polymorphisms on papillary thyroid carcinoma susceptibility and clinical/pathological features.
Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy. Genetic polymorphisms of the TP53 and P21 genes are the candidate variants in various cancers development. This study investigated whether the polymorphisms in TP53 (rs1042522) and P21 (rs1059234 and rs1801270) affect the risk of PTC and whether such the genotype of these polymorphisms is associated with pathological and clinical characteristics of PTC. A case-control study was conducted with 286 Iranian people, including 131 PTC cases and 155 healthy controls. The genetic polymorphisms were investigated by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Our results suggested that TP53-rs1042522 CC genotype was significantly associated with protection against PTC, in the dominant, recessive and allelic models (OR = 0.4, 95%CI: 0.2-0.8, P = .008; OR = 0.5, 95%CI: 0.3-0.9, P = .01; OR = 0.6, 95%CI: 0.4-0.8, P = .002, respectively). The rs1042522 was associated with PTC patients with tumor size greater than 1 cm in dominant and recessive models (OR = 0.2, 95%CI = 0.04-0.9, P = .04 and OR = 0.3, 95%CI = 0.1-0.7, P = .009, respectively) and was associated with vascular invasion in dominant model (OR = 0.3, 95%CI = 0.1-0.7, P = .01). No correlation was identified between P21 rs1059234 and rs1801270 polymorphisms and risk of PTC and pathological and clinical characteristics of PTC. Genetic variations in rs1042522 might alter the PTC risk, which could affect tumor size and cause lower incidence of vascular invasion in PTC cases. This was the first report suggesting that no correlation was found between P21 rs1059234 and rs1801270 polymorphisms and PTC risk. Thus, more studies with a larger population size and different ethnic groups and functional assays are needed to confirm our results.
Publication Date: 2020-01-03
Journal: IUBMB life
Polymorphisms and endometriosis: a systematic review and meta-analyses.
Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent gynecological disorder that affects at least 10% of women of reproductive age. It may lead to infertility and non-specific symptoms such as chronic pelvic pain. Endometriosis screening and diagnosis are difficult and time-consuming. Late diagnosis (with a delay ranging from 3.3 to 10.7 years) is a major problem and may contribute to disease progression and a worse response to treatment once initiated. Efficient screening tests might reduce this diagnostic delay. As endometriosis is presumed to be a complex disease with several genetic and non-genetic pathogenic factors, many researchers have sought to identify polymorphisms that predispose to this condition.
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the most regularly reported polymorphisms in order to identify those that might predispose to endometriosis and might thus be of value in screening.
The MEDLINE database was searched for English-language publications on DNA polymorphisms in endometriosis, with no date restriction. The PubTator text mining tool was used to extract gene names from the selected publications' abstracts. We only selected polymorphisms reported by at least three studies, having applied strict inclusion and exclusion criteria to their control populations. No stratification based on ethnicity was performed. All steps were carried out according to PRISMA guidelines.
The initial selection of 395 publications cited 242 different genes. Sixty-two genes (corresponding to 265 different polymorphisms) were cited at least in three publications. After the application of our other selection criteria (an original case-control study of endometriosis, a reported association between endometriosis and at least one polymorphism, data on women of reproductive age and a diagnosis of endometriosis in the cases established by surgery and/or MRI and confirmed by histology), 28 polymorphisms were eligible for meta-analysis. Only five of the 28 polymorphisms were found to be significantly associated with endometriosis: interferon gamma (IFNG) (CA) repeat, glutathione S-transferase mu 1 (GSTM1) null genotype, glutathione S-transferase pi 1 (GSTP1) rs1695 and wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 4 (WNT4) rs16826658 and rs2235529. Six others showed a significant trend towards an association: progesterone receptor (PGR) PROGINS, interCellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) rs1799969, aryl-hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) rs2292596, cytochrome family 17 subfamily A polypeptide 1 (CYP17A1) rs743572, CYP2C19 rs4244285 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) rs1801282), and 12 showed a significant trend towards the lack of an association: tumor necrosis factor (TNF) rs1799964, interleukin 6 (IL6) rs1800796, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) rs1800469, estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) rs2234693, PGR rs10895068, FSH receptor (FSHR) rs6166, ICAM1 rs5498, CYP1A1 rs4646903, CYP19A1 rs10046, tumor protein 53 (TP53) rs1042522, X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 1 (XRCC1) rs25487 and serpin peptidase inhibitor clade E member 1 (SERPINE1) rs1799889; however, for the 18 polymorphisms identified in the latter two groups, further studies of the potential association with the endometriosis risk are needed. The remaining five of the 28 polymorphisms were not associated with endometriosis: glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1) null genotype, vascular endothelial growth factor alpha (VEGFA) rs699947, rs833061, rs2010963 and rs3025039.
By carefully taking account of how the control populations were defined, we identified polymorphisms that might be candidates for use in endometriosis screening and polymorphisms not associated with endometriosis. This might constitute the first step towards identifying polymorphism combinations that predispose to endometriosis (IFNG (CA) repeat, GSTM1 null genotype, GSTP1 rs1695, WNT4 rs16826658 and WNT4 rs2235529) in a large cohort of patients with well-defined inclusion criteria. In turn, these results might improve the diagnosis of endometriosis in primary care. Lastly, our present findings may enable a better understanding of endometriosis and improve the management of patients with this disease.
Publication Date: 2019-12-11
Journal: Human reproduction update